Breast cancer treatment depends on the stage of your cancer. It may involve chemotherapy, radiation, hormone therapy, and surgery. The aim of any cancer treatment is
Your doctor will consider a few things before selecting a treatment for you:
Your age, health issues and if you’ve gone through menopause are the factors that will also be considered while taking the decision about treatment of your breast cancer.
Some treatments eliminate or destroy the disease within the breast and surrounding tissues, like lymph nodes. These include:
Mastectomy: in which your doctor removes the whole breast.
Lumpectomy: in which your doctor removes just the tumor and tissues around it. There are various types of mastectomies and lumpectomies.
Radiation therapy: in which high-energy waves are used to kill cancer cells.
Other treatments that remove or control cancer cells are:
Chemotherapy: Use of special medicines to shrink or kill the cancer cells. The drugs may be in pills form you take orally or medicines given in your veins, or sometimes both of them. These powerful medicines fight the disease, but they may also cause side effects, such as nausea, hair loss, early menopause, hot flashes, and fatigue.
Hormone therapy Includes use of medicines to blocks or decreases the number of hormones in the body to stop or slow down the development of cancer. The therapy stops the production of hormones or prevents hormones from making cancer cells develop and divide.
Targeted therapy: Targeted therapy is a type of cancer treatment that uses medicines. However, it is different from chemotherapy which also uses drugs to treat cancer. Targeted therapy acts by targeting cancer’s specific genes, proteins or the tissue environment that encourages cancer growth.
You may get chemotherapy, hormone therapy, or targeted therapy along with surgery or radiation. They may kill any cancer cells remaining after other treatments
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