Gestational Diabetes During Pregnancy

Gestational Diabetes During Pregnancy

Gestational Diabetes During Pregnancy
By UPHI Hospital, February, 25 2019

Gestational diabetes is high blood sugar that develops during pregnancy and usually disappears after giving birth. It occurs if your body cannot produce enough insulin, a hormone that helps control blood sugar levels, to meet the extra needs in pregnancy. Gestational diabetes can cause problems for you and your baby during and after birth. But the risk of these problems happening can be reduced if it's detected and well managed.

Symptoms of Gestational Diabetes

Women with gestational diabetes typically have no symptoms. Most of them know they have it during routine pregnancy screening tests.

Rarely, if the gestational diabetes is out of control, you may notice:

  • Feeling more hungry
  • Feeling more thirsty
  • A need to urinate more

Causes of Gestational Diabetes

In pregnancy, the placenta makes hormones that can lead to a buildup of glucose in your blood. Generally, your pancreas can make enough insulin to deal with it. If not, your blood sugar levels will rise and may cause gestational diabetes.

Risk factors of Gestational Diabetes

You are more likely to get gestational diabetes if you:

  • Were overweight when you got pregnant
  • Have high blood sugar levels, but not high enough to be diabetes
  • Have a family history of diabetes
  • Have had gestational diabetes earlier
  • Have high blood pressure or other medical complications

Diagnosis of Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes generally occurs in the second half of pregnancy. Your doctor will check to see if you have gestational diabetes between weeks 24 and 28 of your pregnancy. Your doctor may test sooner if you're at high risk.

During test for gestational diabetes, you will rapidly drink a sugary drink. This will lift your blood sugar levels. After an hour, you’ll take a blood test to find how your body handled all that sugar. If your results show that your blood sugar is higher than a certain cutoff, you will need more tests. This means test for your blood sugar while fasting and a longer glucose test that will be done over a longer period.

Treatment of Gestational Diabetes

To treat your gestational diabetes, your doctor will ask you to:

  • Check your blood sugar levels four times a day.
  • Go for urine tests that check for ketones
  • Eat a balanced diet
  • Exercise regularly

Your doctor will check how much weight you gain and is there any need for insulin or other medicine for your gestational diabetes. In case of age more than 35 and having a problem in pregnancy, women may opt for IVF Treatment in Gurgaon @ UPHI.


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