Hypothyroidism & Its Symptoms

Hypothyroidism & Its Symptoms

Hypothyroidism & Its Symptoms
By UPHI Hospital, February, 21 2019

Hypothyroidism or underactive thyroid is a disorder in which your thyroid gland doesn't secrete enough of certain vital hormones.

At initial stages, hypothyroidism may not cause noticeable symptoms. However, if untreated, hypothyroidism may cause a number of health issues, like obesity, joint pain, infertility, and heart disease.

Precise thyroid function tests are available to detect hypothyroidism. Treatment done with synthetic thyroid hormone is usually simple, safe and effective once you and your doctor get the right dose for you.

Signs & Symptoms of Hypothyroidism

The signs and symptoms of hypothyroidism may vary, according to the severity of the hormone deficiency. Problems are likely to develop slowly, often over a number of years.

Initially, you may hardly notice any symptoms of hypothyroidism, like fatigue and weight gain. However as your metabolism continues to slow, you can develop more noticeable problems. Signs and symptoms may include:

Hypothyroidism in adults

  • Fatigue
  • Higher sensitivity to cold
  • Dry skin
  • Constipation
  • Uncontrolled Weight gain
  • Muscle weakness
  • Puffy face
  • Muscle weakness
  • High blood cholesterol level
  • Muscle pain, tenderness, and stiffness
  • Heavy or irregular menstrual periods
  • Pain, stiffness or swelling in your joints
  • Hair loss
  • Depression
  • Weakened memory
  • Enlarged thyroid gland

Hypothyroidism in infants

Though hypothyroidism generally affects middle-aged and elder women, infants also can get the disorder. Initially, babies born without a thyroid gland or with a gland that doesn't work properly may have few signs and symptoms, like

Yellow skin and whites of the eyes or jaundice. Generally, it occurs when a baby's liver can't metabolize bilirubin, which usually forms when the body recycles old or damaged red blood cells. Other symptoms may include:

  • A large, protruding tongue.
  • Trouble in breathing.
  • An umbilical hernia.

As the disease develops, infants may get trouble feeding and may not grow and develop normally. They may also have:

Poor muscle tone

Constipation

Excessive sleepiness

If hypothyroidism in infants isn't treated properly, it can lead to severe physical and mental retardation.

Hypothyroidism in children and teens

Generally children and teens having hypothyroidism get the same signs and symptoms as adults do, but they may also experience:

  • Poor growth, resulting in short physique
  • Late development of permanent teeth
  • Delayed puberty
  • Poor mental growth

Treatment : Get treatments Hypothyroidism or thyroid cancer in Gurgaon

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