Gallstones are pieces of a solid substance that form in the gallbladder, a small pouch-like organ that stores digestive juices like bile that helps in digestion.
Cholesterol stones: They are very common and are generally yellow-green in color.
Pigment stones:These are small and dark in color. They're made up of bilirubin, that comes from bile, a fluid made in the liver and stored in your gallbladder.
There may be several causes, like:
Bile can also cause gallstones when it has too much cholesterol in it
It can be asymptomatic. But if you do get symptoms, they generally include:
Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP): use of magnetic field and pulses of radio wave energy to make images of the inside of your body, which includes the liver and the gallbladder.
Cholescintigraphy (HIDA scan): This test is done to check whether the gallbladder squeezes correctly. A safe radioactive material is injected, that makes its way to the organ. The technician then observes its movement.
Endoscopic ultrasound: The test unites ultrasound and endoscopy to look for gallstones.
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP): Your doctor inserts an endoscope by your mouth down to the small intestine and injects a dye to let the bile ducts to be observed. He can then remove any gallstones that have moved into the ducts.
Generally, surgery is done to people with gallstones to take out the gallbladder. There are two different types of operations.
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy: A common procedure in which your surgeon passes devices, a light, and a camera by several small cuts in the stomach. He can see the inside of the body on a video monitor. The patient normally goes home the same day.
Open cholecystectomy. Your surgeon makes larger cuts in the abdomen to take away the gallbladder. You will have to stay in the hospital for a few days after the procedure.
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