Possible Causes & Symptoms Of Irregular Periods Or Menstruation

Possible Causes & Symptoms Of Irregular Periods Or Menstruation

By UPHI Hospital, March, 7 2019

A period or menstruation is the part of the menstrual cycle in which the endometrium (the lining of the uterus) is shed. This occurs as bleeding from the uterus through the vagina. The standard length of a woman's menstrual cycle is 28 days, but it can vary among different individuals. Irregular menstruation occurs when the length of the cycle is more than 35 days, or when the duration varies.

Periods generally begin during puberty between the age of 10 - 16 years and they carry on until menopause when a woman is around 45 to 55years old.

Irregular periods or oligomenorrhea may occur due to several reasons like Changes in hormones (estrogen and progesterone) level can disturb the normal pattern of your period. That’s the reason why young girls going through puberty and women approaching menopause generally have irregular periods.

Treatment of irregular periods in puberty and around the menopause is not generally required, however, if irregular periods happen during your reproductive years, the medical opinion may be necessary.

Symptoms

The length of your period cycle (the time between your periods starting) keeps changing.

You get less or more bleeding than usual during periods

The duration that your period lasts varies a lot.

When there are changes in blood flow, or when clots of more than 2.5 cm. in diameter occur during periods, this is also considered irregular.

Causes

A number of factors may boost the chance of irregular menstruation. The majority relate to hormone production. The two hormones that influence menstruation are estrogen and progesterone. These are the hormones that regulate the cycle.

Hormonal influences

Age influences the hormonal balance in your body and it changes during puberty, menopause, pregnancy, childbirth, and breastfeeding, it causes irregular periods.

Contraceptives may also cause irregular bleeding. An intrauterine device can cause heavy bleeding, while the contraceptive pill may cause spotting between periods.

Other changes that are associated with irregular periods include:

  • Uterine fibroids
  • Having an intrauterine device (IUD)
  • Changing birth control pills
  • Certain medications
  • Pregnancy
  • Stress
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
  • Hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism
  • Thickening of or polyps on the uterine lining
  • Cervical or uterine cancer
  • Endometriosis
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Excessive weight loss or gain

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