Kidney stones are rock-like hard deposits that are formed in the kidneys, two organs which filter waste and extra fluid from the body. Kidney stones usually occur when there is too much waste and not enough fluid in the kidneys. Kidney stones are generally formed after a build-up of certain chemicals in the body such as calcium, ammonia, uric acid, and cysteine. Some medical conditions may also lead to an unusually high level of these substances in your urine.
Kidney stones occur when your urine contains more crystal-forming substances like calcium, oxalate and uric acid than the liquid in your urine can dilute. Kidney stones generally do not occur due to any definite, single cause, though several factors may increase your risk of getting kidney stones, like:
Family history: If anyone in your family has kidney stones, you're more prone to develop stones
Personal History: If you ever had kidney stones earlier, you may also have chances to get it again.
Lack of water: Not drinking an adequate amount of water every day can increase your risk of kidney stones. People who reside in warm climates and people who sweat a lot may be at higher risk of getting kidney stones.
Food: Intake of a diet that's high in protein, sodium, and sugar may increase your risk of some types of kidney stones, especially with a high-sodium diet. Having an excessive amount of salt in your diet increases the amount of calcium your kidneys must filter and considerably increases the risk of getting kidney stones.
Obesity: Excessive weight and High body mass index (BMI), have been linked to a bigger risk of kidney stones.
Digestive diseases and surgery: Inflammatory bowel disease or chronic diarrhea and Gastric bypass surgery may cause changes in the digestive process that affect the absorption of calcium and water, increasing the amount of stone-forming substances in your urine, thus, increasing the risk of getting kidney stones.
Other medical conditions: Certain medical conditions like Crohn's disease, urinary tract infections, hyperparathyroidism, renal tubular acidosis, and medullary sponge kidney increase the risk of developing kidney stones.
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