A hernia grows when part of an internal organ or tissue stick out through a weak part of the muscle. It needs immediate medical attention to evade complications over time. Treatment may differ according to the size and severity of the symptoms. The treatments may vary from lifestyle changes to medications to even surgery.
In a hiatal hernia, which happens when the esophagus passes through a small opening in the diaphragm (hiatus) and then joins to the stomach, over-the-counter medications and oral prescriptions may help. Medicines like antacids, H-2 receptor blockers, and proton pump inhibitors can help lessen the acid content in the stomach, easing the discomfort.
Our lifestyle has a large impact on our body. Including healthy food in your diet may help reduce the symptoms of a hernia and may avoid chances of a new hernia. You should eat your meal in small portions after a regular break instead of having large and heavy meals. Regular exercise may help to avoid illness. However, it should be done in the right way.
If a hernia develops larger, surgery is the only option to get rid of it. There are three types of surgery performed to treat a hernia:
Open surgery: a cut is made into the body at the place of the hernia. The protruding tissue is pushed back in place and the weakened muscle wall is stitched back together. A surgical mesh can also be used to support the abdominal wall. The recovery time is relatively longer.
Laparoscopic surgery: In this procedure, small incisions are made using miniaturized surgical tools and a camera to fix a hernia. It causes minimal harm to the neighboring tissues and recovery time is shorter.
Robotic hernia repair: In robotic surgery, your surgeon is seated at a console in the operating room, and handles the surgical devices from the console. However robotic surgery may be used for some smaller hernias, or weaker areas, it can be used to reconstruct the abdominal wall as well.
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