Types of Thyroid Cancer

Types of Thyroid Cancer

By UPHI Hospital, Janurary, 22 2019

The thyroid is a small butterfly-shaped gland and is usually found in the lower front of your neck. It’s a gland that controls the metabolism and releases hormones that direct many functions in your body like how you produce heat, how you use energy and how you consume oxygen.

Thyroid cancer grows when cells change or mutate. The abnormal cells start multiplying in your thyroid and, once they are enough in number, they make a tumor.

If diagnosed early, thyroid cancer is one of the most treatable forms of cancer.

Types of thyroid cancer

Papillary thyroid cancer

Papillary thyroid cancer is the most common type of thyroid cancer, that arises from follicular cells, which make and store thyroid hormones. Papillary thyroid cancer may occur at any age, but generally, it affects people between the age of 30-50.

Follicular thyroid cancer

Follicular thyroid cancer usually affects people older than 50 years. It also arises from the follicular cells of the thyroid gland. Hurthle cell cancer is a rare type of thyroid cancer that grows very aggressively.

Medullary thyroid cancer

Medullary thyroid cancer starts in thyroid cells known as parafollicular C cells that produce the hormone calcitonin. High levels of calcitonin in the blood may indicate the early stage of medullary thyroid cancer. Certain genetic syndromes increase the risk of medullary thyroid cancer.

Anaplastic thyroid cancer

Anaplastic thyroid cancer is a rare type of cancer that grows very fast and is very difficult to treat. Anaplastic thyroid cancer, in general, affects the adult's age 60 and older.

Thyroid lymphoma.

Thyroid lymphoma is a very rare type of thyroid cancer that starts in the immune system cells in the thyroid and grows very fast. Thyroid lymphoma usually occurs in older adults. When properly diagnosed and treated, the prospects are very good.

Diagnose your Thyroid and get the Thyroidectomy surgery in Gurgaon to get rid of Thyroid Cancer Effectively.

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