Varicose veins may occur when your veins become enlarged, dilated and overfilled with blood because they do not succeed to circulate the blood properly. These visible and bulging veins appear more commonly in the legs and thighs but can grow anywhere in the body. This unwanted "body art” may occur due to genetic tendency, Puberty, pregnancy, menopause, or by taking estrogen, progesterone, and birth control pills.
Sclerotherapy: In this practice, your doctor will inject a solution or foam directly to the small and medium-sized varicose veins that scars and closes those veins. After a few weeks, treated varicose veins are supposed to be fade. Sclerotherapy can be done in your doctor’s office and it doesn't require anesthesia.
Foam sclerotherapy of large veins: a large vein is injected with a foam solution to close a vein and seal it.
Laser treatment: Laser treatments are done to close off smaller varicose veins and spider veins. Laser treatment acts by sending strong bursts of light onto the vein, that makes the vein slowly fade and disappear. No incisions or use of needles.
Phlebectomy: The procedure is also known as vein ‘stripping’, it is a surgical procedure in which the doctor makes small incisions near the damaged vein and removes the entire vein. Doctors at times do phlebectomy combine with other procedures, like ablation.
Thermal ablation or Radiofrequency ablation: The Thermal ablation includes the use of laser or radiofrequency energy to heat the inside of the vein. The process destroys the vein wall, the vein shrinks, and the body absorbs it with time. Thermal ablation is effective as a varicose vein treatment, but it might cause a little bruising and discomfort for a shorter duration. In this technique, we heat the vein to 200 degrees to destroy it; hence, we need to numb the area around it with an anesthetic, which may also cause some discomfort. Veins normally become less visible within one to two weeks. The procedure requires some local anesthesia. Sometimes, people get little pain after the procedure.
Endoscopic vein surgery: This operation is needed only in an advanced case involving leg ulcers or if other techniques do not work. Your doctor uses a thin video camera inserted in your leg to observe and close varicose veins and then eliminates the veins through small incisions. This procedure is done on an outpatient basis.
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