IVF or In-vitro fertilization

IVF or In-vitro Fertilization

IVF is one of the fertilization procedure which is aimed to offer the safe parenthood to the couple willing to have a baby but unable to plan naturally. The process is also called “test-tube baby” procedure. It involved a series of procedures which is done to treat infertility and genetic problems to conceive a baby.

IVF is the most advanced reproductive technology which is performed using the couple’s egg and sperm respectively.

What is the Process of IVF

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One cycle of IVF may take up to 2 weeks. During this procedure, mature eggs are retrieved from the female ovary and sperm is taken from the male. Both are then fertilized in a lab. After that, fertilized eggs which are called embryo implanted in the uterus. Of course, a single egg may not be enough so multiple eggs are retrieved from the uterus using a needle guided by ultrasound. The whole process is done under local anesthesia.

Embryos are not directly inserted to the uterus, they are kept in an incubator to check the growth. Once the embryos are developed, these are placed under the uterus with the help of thin plastic catheter through the cervix. Poor sperm quality may hamper the fertilization of eggs. To cure this problem, individual sperm can be injected into the egg directly with a needle using microscopic ICSI. Men having no sperm may go for a direct sperm aspiration from the epididymis or testis

Before performing this process, much male sperm test and ovarian monitoring are done on regular basis. Hormone injections are stimulated into the ovaries to produce more eggs. follicular monitoring is done on regular basis to check the growth of the eggs. Once the doctor will find the enough sized eggs, an HCG injection will be given for the final maturation of the eggs. Mostly, Couple’s eggs and sperm are taken but in case of an infertile male, donor sperm can be used. In some cases, other woman’s embryo can be implanted in the uterus to have a baby. After 2 weeks of IVF procedure, the pregnancy test is done to check for the status of IVF.

Why IVF is Done?

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IVF is an advanced technique to treat infertility which helps the couple to become the parent who attempted many time in the last year. The main motto is to conceive a baby. IVF is done in case of-

  • Blockage or damage of Fallopian tube as embryo may not travel to uterus naturally without a healthy fallopian tube
  • Age more than 40 years when you may reach to the weak immune system
  • Infrequent or irregular ovulation cycle
  • Premature ovarian failure or hormone estrogen disorder
  • Endometriosis when tissue is implanted outside the uterus
  • A benign tumor or uterine fibroids which interfere the implantation of a fertilized egg
  • Tubal sterilization or removal
  • Poor sperm quality or semen abnormalities
  • Infertility of no reason
  • The patients went through the chemotherapy & radiation
  • Genetic Disorders

Women and the partner having abnormal health issues and incompetency in conceiving a baby naturally may go through this IVF procedure.

What Risks are Involved under IVF?

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IVF may or may not be successful depending upon the various circumstances. The success of IVF will rely on the various factors such as the Age of the woman, Quality of the sperm, embryo status, reproductive history, infertility reasons, lifestyle and response of medications. Sometime, If every factor is fine, a woman may not get the pregnancy whereas some women may experience some risks which are:-

  • A woman may give birth to multiple children
  • She may experience the premature delivery
  • Birth children may have a low weight
  • Using multiple medication or injections may Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome
  • Use of frozen embryos may lead to miscarriage
  • She may experience an ectopic pregnancy
  • Women may experience some amount of bleeding while egg retrieval process
  • Some tools and medication may lead to Ovarian Cancer which is quite rare.
  • Psychological signs of stress

Risks are minimum and may occur due to the negligence of health and not prescribing the doctor’s guidelines. So take help of your doctor to understand the complete process of IVF and stay stress-free.

What are Tests & Treatments Involved under the IVF?
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IVF may include one or two procedures and may include multiple treatments and tests. The treatments and procedures served at UPHI are Infertility Evaluation, Transvaginal Ultrasonography (TVS), Folliculometry and Sonography, Saline Sonography (SIS), Intrauterine Insemination (IUI), Ovulation Induction (OI), Egg (Oocyte) Retrieval, ICSI/P-ICSI, Embryo Transfer, Frozen Embryo Transfer, Frozen Blastocyst Transfer, sperm evaluation, Donor Sperm – IUI, Surgical Sperm Retrieval, Fertility Preservation Facility (Cryopreservation), Vitrification etc. The tests may require for the positive IVF are ovarian reserve testing, Semen analysis, Infectious disease screening, Practice (mock) embryo transfer, Uterine cavity exam. Some medications such as HCG, FSH, LH may be prescribed for the development and maturation of eggs.

What is the cost of IVF Treatment in Gurgaon?

To know more about the IVF process and related treatments such as IUI, lap surgery, infertility treatment, please visit our Best IVF specialist or infertility doctor in Gurgaon @ UPHI.

Best IVF Treatment Hospital in Gurgaon

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