Both your Knees have 2 Meniscus each which are C -Shaped pieces of soft tissue cartilage which acts like a cushion between the thighbone and the shinbone.
A torn Meniscus is one of the most common injuries in the knee which will cause pain swelling and stiffness. Meniscus is like a gel between the shin & thighbone which creates the smoothness between the shin & thighbone.
Meniscus Tear generally happens with some forceful activity performed like sudden stop or heavy weight lifting which will rotate or twist your knee. Such activity sometimes tear your Meniscus partially or entirely like :
You might experience following signs & symptoms if you have happened to tear your Meniscus
Meniscus Tear usually becomes conservative based on the size, type or location of the Meniscus tear. Arthritis tear usually does not require surgery as it improves over time and many tear which are not related to locking & blocking of knees and regular pain while straightening your knees can also avoid surgeries.
In case of any kind of Knee Injury you must follow the R.I.C.E. steps method to avoid swelling and pain to your knees.
R – Take complete rest immediately and stop doing any activity related to your knees minimum for 48 hours.
I – To avoid pain and swelling of your knees immediately apply Ice pack on your knees for 20 mins every 4 hours for the next 48 hours except sleeping time.
C – Use some kind or a bandage ideally a Medical Bandage to tie the Knee which will stop internal bleeding and swelling to your knees however make sure you do not wrap it tightly which may create improper blood circulation.
E – Elevate your knees by putting a soft cushion and make sure you keep the knees above your heart level.
Focused Physical Exercise specially designed by the best Physiotherapist near you can help strengthen your muscles around your knees and will increase stability in the long run which will support your knee joint.
After you have performed the RICE methods and you feel No pain and see no swelling then you don’t really have much to worry however if you still want to consult an Orthopaedic you can do so.
In case if you feel that your knee gets locked or blocked while walking or while doing an activity and get pain while straightening your knee then you should surely visit an Orthopaedic Doctor who will help you diagnose the problem in detail.
Meniscus Tear happens due to aggressive twisting and turning of the knees or with sudden stop while in a speed motion. Mainly athletes who are into contact sports such as Football, Rugby or activities that involves sudden movement of knees such as Tennis and basketball. You may also have Torn Meniscus due to old age which is mainly due to wear and tear on your knees.
Torn Knees can lead you to instability in your knees which will refrain you from doing daily activities like even walking. You will have constant blocking or locking of knees and persisting pain in your knees. If not treated non time might lead you to Osteoarthritis for the damaged knee.
You should meet the Best Orthopaedic Surgeon near you for a physical examination and he will move your knees in different positions, will ask you to walk a bit and do some squatting which will help him identify the Meniscus Tear.
X-Ray – It is most commonly used for identifying knee injuries but since Meniscus is the made of cartilage, it will not be shown in the X-Rays. However X-Rays can help rule out some other problems with the knees that has similar symptoms.
MRI – It uses radio waves and a strong magnetic field to show detailed images hard and soft tissues in your knees hence it is the best way to find the Torn Meniscus.
Orthopaedic Surgeons may also use Arthroscopic instruments to diagnose or identify the Meniscus Tear in the knee. This instrument is highly sophisticated and it is inserted near the knee through tiny incision which has a small camera at the tip of the instrument and the same is reflected on the Monitor for the Orthopaedist where he can see the damaged Meniscus in an enlarged image and decide the treatment.
Meniscus Repair through Arthroscopic Surgery is successfully done when the Meniscus Tear is small and with Arthroscopy instrument an experienced Orthopaedic Surgeons can also insert an surgical instruments through the Arthroscope or with another incision in your knee to trim the or repair the Meniscus Tear.
If your Knee remains painful and you constantly have a blocked or locked knees despite all the Home Remedies and Physiotherapy done by the expert Physiotherapist then your Orthopaedic Surgeon might recommend a Meniscus Repair Surgery. It is possible to repair a Torn Meniscus specially for a child or young adult.
If the Torn Meniscus can not be repair then Meniscus might be surgically trimmed through Arthroscopy Surgery.
After a Meniscus Repair Surgery you need to consult the Best Physiotherapist near you and pick up strict strengthening exercise for your knees and continue the same for the the duration your Physiotherapist advices you based on the level of injury you had.
You will find many Orthopaedic Surgeons in Gurgaon who are operating for Meniscus Repair cases but the decision to identify the Best Orthopaedic Surgeons in Gurgaon stays with you. As you can see how Dr Debashish Chanda has explained the Meniscus Tear to you in detail above proves that he would like to maintain complete transparency in treating your Knee Injury and his motive is to put you back in action at the earliest.
Dr Debashish Chanda leads the Centre of Excellence Department for Orthopaedics in UPHI a Wellness & Surgical Centre and will be available for a consultation at their Golf Course Road Gurgaon centre during the day.
Few things that you would like to know about Dr Debashish Chanda is mentioned below for your reference.
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