Microdiscectomy, also medically termed as Microdecompression, is the minimally invasive spine surgical procedure. Microdiscectomy is performed with the aim to minimize the pressure on nerves while promoting back pain relief. Open techniques are followed in order to perform Microdiscectomy and surgeons make incisions in back muscles to see through the spine without hindrance. The procedure involves removal of the part of your intervertebral disc that is putting excessive pressure on the nerves and causing extreme back pain. Specialized instruments and visualization tools are used in the process to make small incisions and reduce muscle injury. Results of the procedure are faster and it promotes painless recovery as compared to other spine surgical procedures.
Microdiscectomy is usually performed due to two prime reasons – when the fragment of the intervertebral disc is broken away from the disc and putting unnecessary pressure on the spinal cord and when the disc is intact but the part of the disc is bulging and pressing the spinal nerves. In both cases, Microdiscectomy offers amplified benefits. It has above 95% of success rate and considered effective in treating the sciatica pain which is caused due to disc herniation. When the spinal nerve is compressed the painful condition called sciatica is caused and the compression is because of the herniated lumbar disc.
In most of the causes of sciatica, the painful experience alleviative on its own without surgical procedure. If it prolongs for more than 12 weeks, surgery is prescribed. In such a case, Microdiscectomy can benefit you.
As mentioned earlier, the prime focus on the procedure is to remove the disc material which is putting excessive pressure on nerves and causing back pain. The procedure is performed using general anesthesia and the patient will be lying on the operation table with their face down and back in the upper direction. The process involves making 1 or 1-1/2 inches of incision at the back right over the affected disc.
After the procedure, the patient will be kept in the recovery room for further observation. If the team of surgeons finds the patient is recovering as intended, then the patient will be discharged on the same day or the next morning. Remember, the aim of the surgery is to remove the herniated tissue that is putting pressure and making space for the spinal column. This reduces the unnecessary pain caused by the excessive pressure put on the nerve.
As mentioned, the procedure has a painless recovery and this is the prime factor to consider Microdiscectomy. It has a shorter recovery period as compared to other invasive procedure. After observation, the patient is asked to leave the hospital within the same day or they will be discharged by the next day.
Patients are asked to see the physical and occupational therapists prior to leaving the hospital. They will suggest them with some instructions which they need to follow. Lifting, bending and twisting of your back need to be restricted for a few days post-surgery. Besides, the therapists would provide you with some tips and exercising method that can restore the strength and flexibility of muscles surrounding the spine. Resuming to normal physical activity may take longer and you need to take proper precautions to heal faster and recover after the surgery.
Microdiscectomy is considered to be an effective and safe procedure for removing pressure and pain. Complications are rare as compared to other surgical procedure. Some of the risk associated with the procedure includes:
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