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Oral Cancer or Mouth Cancer

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Oral Cancer or Mouth Cancer

What are the symptoms of Oral or Mouth Cancer?

Sometimes symptoms of oral cancer are mistaken with others such as a toothache or mouth sore. Some benign symptoms may be the mouth or oral cancer which needs consultation from Oral cancer Experts in Gurgaon:-

  • Lip or mouth sore which do not heal
  • loose teeth
  • Mouth pain which doesn’t get cures
  • Lump or thickening in the cheek
  • Whitish or reddish patch on the gums, tongue, tonsil or lining of the mouth
  • A sore throat feeling
  • Difficulty in chewing or swallowing
  • Voice changes
  • A growth or lump inside the mouth
  • Ear Pain
  • Persistent Bad Breathing
  • Weight Loss

What are the Causes of Oral or Mouth Cancer?

When Lips or mouth cells develop mutations in their DNA, Mouth cancer develops. DNA tells the cell what to do. Mutations lead the cells to grow continuously and divide when healthy cells die. These accumulating abnormal mouth cancer cells can form a tumor which may spread to head and neck as well.

More than 90 percent of oral cancers are squamous cell carcinomas, meaning they form in the flat, thin squamous cells that line the mouth and throat. Actually, reasons are still not sure although it may include some factors causing the risk of mouth cancer which is:-

  • Heavy alcohol consumption
  • Weak immune system
  • A sexually transmitted virus called human papillomavirus (HPV)
  • Excessive sun exposure or UV lights to your lips
  • using excessive tobacco in form of pipes, cigarette, cigars, etc.

How to Diagnose the Mouth cancer or Oral cancer?

A Dentist or doctor may check for the symptoms and may go for the physical exams. He may find some cancers or pre-cancers sign during mouth examination. Apart from that some other tests and procedure can be done to finally diagnose oral cancer.

  • Complete head & Neck Exam
  • Biopsy
  • Imaging tests
  • Blood tests
  • Dental Exams
  • Endoscopy
  • Imaging tests such as X-Rays, Ct-Scan, MRI, PET (positron emission tomography) Scans

These tests will help to know the presence of cancer and its stage. After knowing the stage of oral cancer, relevant treatment can be offered.

What are the Types of Oral cancer?

  • Squamous cell carcinoma
  • Verrucous carcinoma
  • Minor salivary gland carcinomas
  • Lymphomas
  • Benign oral cavity and oropharyngeal tumors include Eosinophilic granuloma, Fibroma, Granular cell tumor, Keratoacanthoma, Leiomyoma, Osteochondroma, Lipoma, Schwannoma, Neurofibroma, Papilloma, Condyloma acuminatum, Verruciform xanthoma, Pyogenic granuloma, Rhabdomyoma, Odontogenic tumors
  • Leukoplakia and erythroplakia

What are the Treatments of Oral or Mouth cancer?

Treatment for mouth cancer will depend on the cancer stage and overall immune health. So here the detailed treatments are mentioned and the doctor may suggest one or a combination of the treatments after checking the stage of the disease.

  • Surgery: The surgeon will make surgery to cut a tumor which includes cutting a margin of healthy tissue as well. First stage cancer can be treated through minor surgery whereas larger tumor needs extensive surgical procedures such as removing jawbone or portion of the tongue or related mouthparts. If a tumor has spread to the neck, then Neck dissection surgery is required in which lymph nodes and related tissues are cut. Once the cancer is treated, the surgeon may recommend for the Mouth reconstruction Surgery to rebuild your mouth, to regain the ability to talk or eat. Dental Implants is done to replace your natural teeth. To reconstruct the mouth, grafts or muscle or bone can be taken from another body part. Surgery may spoil the appearance of mouth. In fact, the tube may be inserted through the nose or through any skin to stomach to help you drink, ear or take medicine. The situation may not be so easy but your doctor will help to cope up with all the related issues.
  • Radiation Therapy: It is done to kill the cancer cells. In this process, high energy beams such as X-rays or Protons are delivered. Radiotherapy or radiation therapy is often used after the surgery but in the case of early-stage cancer, only radiation therapy can be enough or with the combination of chemotherapy. It may relieve the mouth pain but may lead to some side-effects such as dry mouth, tooth decay or jawbone damage. A dentist can be recommended to void the risk and dental complications.
  • Chemotherapy: In which some chemicals are injected to oil the cancer cells. If it is combined with the radiation therapy, it may bring more effectiveness. Some common side-effects of chemotherapy are hair fall, nausea, vomiting.

Apart from that, some other therapies or medications can be offered to cure or treat the mouth cancer or oral cancer such as targeted drug therapy which stops the growth of cancer cell and can be combined with the chemotherapy & radiation therapy. Cetuximab stops the protein found in cancer cells but it is accompanied with some side-effects such as skin rashes, headache, itching, infection etc. Immunotherapy is done to improve the immune system to fight against cancer. It is done of the patients with advanced mouth cancer.

The treatment or the combination of the right treatment will be prescribed by the Mouth Cancer or Oral cancer Specialist or Surgeon in Gurgaon.

What is the Treatment Cost of Oral or Mouth Cancer?

Oral cancer is curable although the cost of the treatment will vary according to the stage of cancer and treatments offers thereof. For more information connect with the Cancer specialist or Oncologist in Gurgaon @ UPHI


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