Thyroid Cancer

Thyroid Cancer

Thyroid cancer was not common earlier, but an increasing number of effects can be seen nowadays. It is curable with the right treatment offered at UPHI

What are the Symptoms of Thyroid Cancer?

Although no initial signs and symptoms are available, once thyroid cancer grows, it may start showing some adverse signs:-

  • Changes in your Voice
  • Pain in neck and throat
  • Swollen lymph nodes in your neck
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • A lump can be felt on the neck

Once you see these signs, better to connect with the thyroid doctor in Gurgaon.

What are the Causes & Risk Factors of Thyroid Cancer?

Exact causes are not clear but it usually occurs when cells get affected through the mutations and it allows the cells to grow rapidly. Growing cells may convert into abnormal cells and may form a tumor. These cells may affect the nearby tissue and may spread throughout the body. Some of the risk factors causing Thyroid cancer are:-

  • Women are more likely to get this disease as compared to Men
  • Exposure to high levels of radiation, weapon testing and nuclear power plant accidents may worsen this problem
  • Some inherited genetic syndromes may increase the risk of it.

Thyroid once treated may recur back in the neck, thyroid tissue or any other part of the body. this happens if microscopic cancer cells spread beyond the thyroid during removal treatment or before.

What are the Types of Thyroid Cancer?

  • Papillary Thyroid Cancer
  • Follicular thyroid cancer
  • Medullary thyroid cancer
  • Anaplastic thyroid cancer
  • Thyroid lymphoma

How to Diagnose the Thyroid Cancer?

There is not a single procedure to diagnose Thyroid cancer as it may involve some of the routine tests and extensive procedures such as:-

  • Physical Examination
  • Blood Tests
  • Biopsy
  • Ultrasound Imaging
  • CT Scans
  • PET Scan
  • Genetic Testing

What are the Treatments and prevention of Thyroid Cancer?

There is no specific treatment to cure the thyroid cancer. Actually, the treatment will entirely depend on the stage of cancer itself. Here we are mentioning the best possible treatments and preventive techniques:-

  • Surgical process:- To remove all or most of the thyroid, surgical methods are used. the surgical methods are:-

    • Thyroidectomy is done to remove complete or most of the thyroid to treat cancer. The surgeon may make the incision at the base of your neck to access your thyroid. Some rims of thyroid tissue are left around the parathyroid glands to avoid the risk of parathyroid damage. this is called near-total thyroidectomy.

    • Lymph Nodes Removal can be done while removing the thyroid. these enlarged lymph nodes are removed and tested for cancer cells.

    • Thyroid lobectomy is done to remove the partial thyroid when the thyroid is very small and removing the one side lobe is enough to treat cancer.

The surgical process may evolve high amount of loss of blood, infection, calcium levels and may also lead to other risk factors such as vocal cord paralysis, hoarseness, soft voice or difficulty in breathing. So doctor needs to take utmost care while treating the patients.

  • Hormone Therapy: After the thyroidectomy, Hormone medications are given as it fulfills the source of TSH from pituitary gland. High TSH levels may stimulate the cancer cells to grow. Timely Blood tests are required by the doctor to check the proper dosage of the hormone medication.

  • Radioactive Iodine: This is given after the thyroidectomy to destroy the remains healthy tissue and microscopic cancer cells which were left during surgery. It may also be given after the treatment if it recurs and spread to other body parts. The iodine comes as a capsule which can be swallowed and having a low risk of harming other cells. It may have some side-effects such as nausea, dry mouth, dry eyes, fatigue and altered once f taste or smell.

  • Chemotherapy: This is kind of drug treatment used to kill the cancer cells. In many of the patients, it may not be given or may be combined with the radiation therapy depending upon the severity of cancer.

  • Radiation Therapy: This is given using high energy beams pointing a body part. It is given for a few minutes at a time and five days in a week. 5-week treatment is required. This therapy can be given before a treatment to kill the cancer cell and after surgery to stop the cancer cells to grow.

  • Targeted Drug Therapy: Some drugs prescribed by the doctors are given to treat the cancer cells.

  • Palliative Care:- This care relieves patients from pain and cancer symptoms. This is given as a complimentary object along with the surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy.

What is the Cost of Thyroid Cancer Treatment in India?

The cost of the treatment will depend on the procedure involved and the type of cancer also. For more details, please connect with UPHI through E-mail & Call with our Thyroid Cancer Specialist in Gurgaon.

Thyroid Cancer/ Thyroidectomy Surgery Hospital in Gurgaon

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