Back Pain

Back Pain

What is Back Pain?

Back pain is one of the most common issues people skip the workplace and seek medical attention. It is a primary cause of disability worldwide. It may occur due to an injury, action and some medical issues. Back pain can occur in people irrespective of their age, for different reasons. However, when people get older, the possibility of developing lower back pain increases, because of factors like previous occupation and degenerative disk disease.

Luckily, you can take precautions to avoid or ease most back pain occurrence. If prevention doesn’t work, simple home treatment and proper body mechanics mostly will heal your back within a few weeks and continue it functional. Surgery is hardly ever required to treat back pain.

What are Common Back Pain Symptoms?

  • Persistent pain or stiffness anyplace along your spine, from the base of the neck to the tail bone
  • Sharp, restricted pain in the neck, upper back, or lower back, particularly after lifting heavy weight or engaging in other exhausting activity
  • Constant pain in the middle or lower back, mainly after sitting or standing for prolonged periods
  • A backache that spread out from the low back to the buttock, down the back of the thigh, and into the calf and toes
  • Incapability to stand straight without having pain or muscle spasms in the lower back

What are the Causes of Back Pain?

Conditions commonly associated with back pain may include:

  • Muscle or ligament strain: Repetitive heavy lifting or a sudden awkward motion may strain back muscles and spinal ligaments. If you're in deprived physical condition, the steady strain on your back may cause painful muscle spasms.
  • Ruptured disks: All vertebras in the spine are cushioned by disks. When the disk ruptures, it put pressure on a nerve, which results in back pain.
  • Bulging disks: Very much like a ruptured disk, a bulging disk may result in more pressure on a nerve.
  • Sciatica: Involves a sharp and shooting pain that moves through the buttock and down the back of the leg, it occurs due to a bulging or herniated disk pressing on a nerve.
  • Arthritis: Osteoarthritis may be a reason of problems with the joints in the hips, lower back, and other places. Sometimes, the space surrounding the spinal cord narrows. This is called spinal stenosis.
  • Unusual curving of the spine: When the spine curves in an unusual pattern, back pain may occur.
  • Osteoporosis: Bones, including the vertebrae of the spine, become fragile and porous, causing compression fractures more likely.
  • Kidney problems: Kidney stones and kidney infection may also cause back pain
  • Posture and Movement: Back pain may also occur because of some everyday activities or inappropriate postures, like Muscle tension, Twisting, Stretching, Bending uncomfortably or for prolonged periods, Pushing, pulling, lifting, or moving something, Straining the neck forward, such as when driving or using a computer, Prolonged driving sessions without a break

Other causes

Some medical conditions that lead to back pain may include:

  • Cauda equina syndrome: The cauda equine is a bunch of spinal nerve roots that arise from the lower ending of the spinal cord. Symptoms of the condition may include a dull hurting in the lower back and upper buttocks, as well as numbness in the buttocks, genitalia, and thighs. Sometimes, bowel and bladder function is disturbed.
  • Cancer: A tumor on the spine may press alongside a nerve causing back pain.
  • Infection: A fever and a tender, warm region on the back might be due to an infection of the spine.
  • Other infections: Pelvic inflammatory disease, kidney or bladder infections may also cause back pain.
  • Sleep disorders: People with sleep disorders are more likely to get back pain, compared with others.
  • Shingles: An infection which may affect the nerves can lead to back pain.
How to Diagnose Back Pain?

Your doctor may go through your medical history, and then he will examine your back and evaluate your ability to sit, stand, walk and lift your legs. He will also ask you about your pain and discuss with you about how well you are working with your pain.

These assessments will help determine where the pain originates, how much you can move before pain forces you to stop and whether you have muscle spasms. If there is a ground to suspect that a precise condition is causing your back pain, your doctor may order one or more tests:

  • X-ray: These images display the alignment of your bones and whether you have arthritis or broken bones. These images alone are not enough to diagnose the problems with your spinal cord, muscles, nerves or disks.
  • MRI or CT scans: These scans produce images which can disclose herniated disks or problems with bones, tissues, muscles, tendons, nerves, ligaments and blood vessels.
  • Blood tests: The blood test help find out whether you have an infection or other condition that might be causing your pain.
  • Bone scan: Rarely, your doctor may use a bone scan to find out bone tumors or compression fractures caused by osteoporosis.
  • Nerve studies: Electromyography (EMG) measures the electrical impulses generated by the nerves and the responses of your muscles. This test may verify nerve compression caused by herniated disks or narrowing of your spinal canal or spinal stenosis.

What are the Possible Treatments of Back Pain?

What are the Non-surgical treatments for Back Pain?

Self Care

Generally, acute back pain gets better within a few weeks with home treatment. However, in some cases, the pain doesn't go away for a long period. For acute pain, over-the-counter painkillers and the use of heat might be all you require. Bed rest isn't suggested. Carry on your normal activities as much as you can bear. Try light activity, like walking and activities of daily routine. Avoid activity that increases pain, but don't stop acting out of fear of pain. If home treatments aren't working after a month, your doctor may recommend stronger medications or other therapies.


According to the type of back pain you have, your doctor may advocate the following medicines such as Over-the-counter pain relievers, Topical pain relievers, Muscle relaxants, Narcotics, Antidepressants, Injections, etc. These are used to relieve the pain and to strengthen the muscles.

  • Traction: weights and pulleys are used to stretch your back. This can result in a herniated disk moving back into position. It can also alleviate pain, but only while traction is applied.
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT): CBT may help handle chronic back pain by encouraging new habits of thinking. It might include relaxation techniques and ways of keeping a positive attitude. It is found that patients with CBT be likely to become more active and perform the exercise, resulting in a lesser risk of back pain recurrence.

Physical therapy and exercise

A physical therapist may apply a range of treatments, like heat, ultrasound, electrical stimulation, and muscle release techniques, to your back muscles and soft tissues to decrease pain. When pain improves, the therapist may educate you exercises to improve your flexibility, support your back and abdominal muscles, and improve your posture. Habitual use of these practices may help keep pain from recurring.

Alternative Treatments

A number of alternative treatments might ease symptoms of back pain, like

  • Chiropractic care
  • Acupuncture
  • Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENs)
  • Massage
  • Yoga

Supplements, such as magnesium or vitamin D, may also help ease your back pain. However, be sure to talk to your doctor ahead of taking any vitamins, herbals, or supplements to make sure they are right and safe for you.

What are the Surgical Treatments for Back Pain?

Surgery for back pain is not very common. If a patient has a herniated disk, surgery may be an option, particularly if there is constant pain and nerve compression which may lead to muscle weakness.

Some of the surgical procedures include:

  • Artificial disk: An artificial disk can be inserted; it restores the cushion between two vertebrae.
  • Diskectomy: A part of a disk may be detached if it is irritating or pressing against a nerve.
  • Fusion: Two vertebrae are attached together, with a bone graft inserted between them. The vertebrae are splinted jointly with metal plates, screws or cages. There is a considerably higher risk for arthritis to subsequently develop in the adjoining vertebrae.
  • Partially eliminating a vertebra: A small part of a vertebra can be removed if it is pinching the spinal cord or nerves.
  • Injecting cells to regenerate spine discs: A booster shot of reparative cells to the nucleus pulposus may efficiently remove pain caused by degenerative disc disease.
What are the Preventive Measurements to Cure Back Pain?

Back pain is one of the most common and uncomfortable conditions. The advantage is that there are numerous strategies you can carry out to prevent the beginning of and/or progression of back pain, Like:

  • Keeping a healthy weight
  • Practicing an exercise program that strengthens your core muscles
  • Practicing proper posture and body mechanics
  • Sleeping on a bed which supports your spine well
  • Avoiding injurious habits such as smoking
How can UPHI Surgical Centre help you?
  • UPHI Follows all the diagnostic measurements to check for the actual cause of Back pain.
  • Medical Representatives will regularly follow up with the patients to book their appointment, report results, and other admission procedures.
  • Dedicated medical staff will be appointed to care for the patients.
  • Only experienced and well-qualified surgeons will perform Surgical Procedures.
  • 2-3 days of hospital stay is required for better recovery.
  • No waiting time for billing and TPA, Book an appointment Now with our specialist surgeon and book your day of Treatment at the earliest.
  • Cost of the Back Pain surgery is Comparatively less and the treatment is effective.

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