Hip Replacement Surgery
Hip Replacement Surgery is the surgical procedure to replace the painful hip joint with an artificial joint made out of plastic and metal components. The surgery is only performed when none of the traditional treatment options for hip pain has responded or improved the condition. This surgical procedure focuses on providing the patients with instant relief from hip joint pain, thereby improving their motions, walking, and mobility. Hip Replacement Surgery is also medically termed as total hip arthroplasty and it is considered to be the best option for patients that are facing difficulty in performing their daily activities due to hip joint pain. Hip replacement is done only when the joint is damaged due to arthritis.
When the hip joint is damaged due to several underlying causes, Hip Replacement Surgery is often prescribed to restore the joints in the hip. Some of the common conditions which damage the hip joint and increase the need for Hip Replacement Surgery are:
Prior to the surgical procedure, you are required to seek an appointment with the orthopedic surgeon for tests and evaluation.
Hip Replacement Surgery is considered to be the minimally invasive method and it is performed under general anesthesia to relax the muscles and make you sleep temporarily. The surgery involves:
Most of the Hip Replacement Surgeries are now performed using standard methods, but it is evolving and surgeons are now performing less invasive techniques which reduce the overall pain and recovery time of the surgery.
Once the surgery is successfully completed, the patient would be transferred to the recovery room for further observation. Your blood pressure, pulses, pain, alertness, needs for medications would be monitored. Post surgery you will also be at risk of blood clotting in legs and hence doctors would take preventive care of patients to avoid such conditions. They would perform early mobilization, pressure application and blood thinning medications are also used. Physical therapists would be appointed for you and they will prescribe you with some physical exercises which you need to perform at home and at the hospital for faster recovery and regain the use of muscles and joints quickly.
You need to have follow-up appointments for about 6-12 weeks post surgery to ensure that the healing is in progress. If the recovery is in progress, then you will be asked to resume at work within 6-12 months.
The risks and complications of Hip Replacement Surgery include:
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