Tennis Elbow, medically termed as lateral epicondylitis, is the painful condition that occurs due to repetitive motions of arms and wrists, resulting in inflammation of the tendons in the elbow. The tendons joining the muscles of the forearm to external of your elbow becomes inflamed because of over and repetitive use of tendons and forearm muscles around the elbow joints. This results in tennis elbow which not only affects the athletes but also normal people whose job involves different types of motions of wrists, forearms, and elbows like butchers, carpenters, painters, and plumbers. The pain associated with tennis elbow may also radiate to wrist and forearm, over the counter drugs and rests can help relieve tennis elbow.
The common symptoms of Tennis Elbow include repetitive pain on outer of upper forearm below the bend of the elbow. The pain may also spread down to the arms and then to wrists. Pain and tenderness in bony knob on outer of the elbow are often referred to as the serious sign of Tennis Elbow. Pain is also caused when you lift any heavy weights or when you bend your arms. People who perform basic actions like gripping objects or writing may also experience the pain of Tennis Elbow.
Tennis Elbow is also caused when you twist your forearm like while turning the door handle and extending the forearm completely.
Tennis Elbow is considered to be a muscle strain injury. It usually develops gradually over time due to repetitive motions like gripping racket tightly and swinging it faster. This can put a strain on the muscles and also make the tendons overstressed. The consistent tugging of the wrists may lead to microscopic wear and tear of the tissues that attach the forearm muscles to bony knob outside the elbow. Considering its name, athletes who play tennis are most likely to experience Tennis Elbow, but other people whose job involves common arm motions can also have Tennis Elbow.
Diagnosis is performed via physical examination where the doctor will apply pressure on affected areas and ask the patient to move their elbow, fingers, and wrists in different motions. With medical history and the physical examination, doctors can easily rule out if you are having Tennis Elbow. If they suspect other conditions due to which you are having Tennis Elbow, then doctors may perform other tests as well like X-Rays and other imaging tests to confirm Tennis Elbow and its underlying cause.
In most of the cases, Tennis Elbow usually improvises and alleviate on its own. Over the counter medications and self-care practices are enough to improve the condition. Some of the doctors may suggest you some nonsurgical procedures which include therapies and exercises along with some medications. You may try at home to improvise the condition.
Different surgical procedures are also performed to treat Tennis Elbow and this includes ultrasonic tenotomy which is performed under ultrasound guidance. Another surgery is also performed when the symptoms have not improved in 12 months and the aim of the surgery is to remove the damaged tissues.
There are a variety of factors which increases the risk of developing Tennis Elbow. Not only athletes are at risk of Tennis Elbow, but people who are involved in jobs where common arm movement is needed may also have Tennis Elbow. Some of the common risk factors for developing Tennis Elbow include:
Complications include recurrence of injury due to overuse, damaging or rupturing of tendons, and more.
In order to avoid developing Tennis Elbow, you must avoid overuse. You must stop all your activities immediately when you experience elbow pain. Tennis Elbow is also caused when you use improper sports equipment like a tennis racket or golf club which are heavy and complicated for you to grip it. You must avoid using bad techniques and wrong posture for swing as it can lead to Tennis Elbow. After every exercising session, you must give an ice compress on your elbow.
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