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Pilonidal Sinus

What is Pilonidal Sinus?

A pilonidal sinus is a tiny cyst located near the tail bone at the top of the cleft of the buttocks. Generally, a pilonidal sinus contains hair, skin debris and dirt. It may catch infections and cause severe pain. When infected, it can leak pus, blood and have a foul odor. Pilonidal cysts are commonly found in young men, and the condition has a tendency to recur. People who generally sit for prolonged periods of time, like truck drivers, tailors etc. are at higher risk of growing a pilonidal cyst

What are the Signs & Symptoms of Pilonidal Sinus?

In the beginning, there may not be any visible symptom but for a small dimple near the top part of the buttocks. When it gets infected, the depression may turn into a cyst or an abscess. A cyst is a closed pouch filled with fluid, while an abscess is a swollen and inflamed tissue in which pus gets collected. Symptoms may include:

  • Low-grade fever
  • Swelling of cyst
  • Pain during sitting or standing
  • Soreness and reddish skin around the depression
  • Pus or blood seeping out from the depression
  • Foul smell in the pocket
  • Hair protruding from the affected area
  • More sinus tracts over a period of time

What Are the Causes of Pilonidal Sinus?

The exact reason for pilonidal cysts is not known, however, most pilonidal cysts appear to be caused by loose hairs that enter the skin. Friction and pressure, rubbing, tight clothing and cycling, prolonged sitting are some factors which may force the hair down into the skin. In the counteraction to the hair as a foreign material, the body makes a cyst around the hair.

What are the Risk factors in Pilonidal Sinus?

Certain factors can make you more prone to get pilonidal cysts, like:

  • Male gender
  • Younger age (people in their early 20s)
  • Overweight
  • The occupation that needs prolonged sitting
  • Excessive body hair
  • Coarse or stiff hair

What Complications are involved in Pilonidal Sinus

If a chronically infected pilonidal cyst is untreated, there is a slightly increased risk of getting a type of skin cancer known as squamous cell carcinoma.

What are the preventions & Treatments for Pilonidal Sinus?


  • Keep the area clean and free from hair
  • Lose weight if required
  • Avoid prolonged sitting
  • If you've had pilonidal cysts earlier, you may require shaving the area regularly to reduce the risk of recurrence.

The initial treatment can be done in your doctor's office. After numbing the area with an injection, your surgeon makes a small cut to drain the cyst. In the case, if your cyst recurs, which happens quite often, you may require a more widespread surgical practice that removes the cyst completely.

After the surgery is done, your doctor may decide to

Leave the wound open: In this process, the surgical lesion is left open and packed with dressing to permit it to heal from the inside out. Healing time may be a bit longer but generally contains a lower risk of a recurring pilonidal cyst infection.

Close the wound with sutures: Though the healing time is shorter in this choice, there's a higher risk of recurrence.

What are the Benefits of Laser Treatment of Pilonidal Sinus?

Forget the traditional Surgical ways and get the laser treatment to cure the Pilonidal sinus or cyst effectively. The laser is a painless technique through which laser light is produced over the affected area to heal it and to cut the infected part. It is the best & cost-effective treatment nowadays. One can find multiple reasons for choosing Laser Treatment to cure sinus or cyst over traditional ways such as:-

  • No Cuts & Wounds
  • Non-invasive procedure
  • Daycare procedure
  • No Diet restrictions
  • Resume to normal routine from next day
  • Pain procedure
  • Less risk of infection
  • No or very less bleeding
  • High success rate
  • Easy and fast recovery.
What is the Cost of Pilonidal Sinus/ Cyst treatment?

UPHI analyze the problem deeply and accordingly, provides the treatment. To know more about the Pilonidal Sinus and its treatment cost, kindly visit the UPHI- Pilonidal Sinus Treatment Hospital in Gurgaon.

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